What Is The Status Of The Withdrawal Agreement

The EU and the UK have reached an agreement on the withdrawal agreement with a revised protocol on Ireland and Northern Ireland (abolition of the “backstop”) and a revised political declaration. On the same day, the European Council (Article 50) approved these texts. The British Parliament passes a law requiring the UK government to ask for a postponement of Brexit if there is no deal with the EU by 19 October 2019. The withdrawal agreement between the European Union and the United Kingdom sets out the conditions for the UK`s orderly exit from the EU, in accordance with Article 50 of the Treaty on european Union. After the WAB becomes law, the withdrawal agreement must also be ratified by the European Parliament. The agreement covers issues such as money, citizens` rights, border agreements and dispute resolution. It also includes a transition period and an overview of the future relationship between the UK and the EU. It was published on 14 November 2018 and was the result of the Brexit negotiations. The agreement was approved by the heads of state and government of the other 27 EU countries[9] and by the British government led by Prime Minister Theresa May, but it faced opposition from the British Parliament, which needed approval for ratification.

The approval of the European Parliament would also have been necessary. On January 15, 2019, the House of Commons rejected the withdrawal agreement by 432 votes to 202. [10] The House of Commons again rejected the agreement by 391 votes to 242 on 12 March 2019 and rejected it a third time, on 29 March 2019, by 344 votes to 286. On 22 October 2019, the revised withdrawal agreement negotiated by Boris Johnson`s government approved the first phase in Parliament, but Johnson halted the legislative process when the accelerated approval programme failed to receive the necessary support and announced his intention to declare a general election. [12] On 23 January 2020, Parliament ratified the agreement by adopting the withdrawal agreement; On 29 January 2020, the European Parliament approved the withdrawal agreement. It was then concluded by the Council of the European Union on 30 January 2020. (a) all of these rights, powers, commitments, obligations and restrictions from time to time created or created by or under the withdrawal agreement, and the United Kingdom triggers Article 50. This means that negotiations on the UK`s withdrawal from the EU can begin. The EU and the UK have two years to reach an agreement. The EU withdrawal agreement is a legally binding document.

It contains conditions for the UK`s withdrawal from the EU of more than 500 pages, including the first agreements on citizens` rights, the UK`s financial commitments to the EU and the Northern Ireland Protocol, which establish provisions for maintaining an open border on the island of Ireland. The withdrawal agreement was adopted by the European Council on 19 October 2019 in its final form, which was confirmed in the declaration that a political agreement had been reached and that the United Kingdom had reached an agreement with the European Union in accordance with Article 50, paragraph 2, of the Treaty on European Union. When the UK leaves the EU, it will become a `third country` (a country that is not recognised as an appropriate level of data protection) for data protection reasons, meaning that after the transition period, any transfer of personal data from the EU to the UK should be covered by appropriate contractual guarantees, such as standard clauses approved by the Commission. , unless the EU has granted the UK adequacy status. The most important elements of the draft agreement were:[21] The adoption of the agreement in the House of Commons ranged from cold to hostile, and the vote was delayed by more than a month.

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